My SCRAPBOOK (సేకరణలు): A COLLECTION of articles in English and Telugu(తెలుగు), from various sources, on varied subjects. I do not claim credit for any of the contents of these postings as my own.A student's declaration made at the end of his answer paper, holds good to the articles here too:"I hereby declare that the answers written above are true to the best of my friend's knowledge and I claim no responsibility whatsoever of the correctness of the answers."

Tuesday, December 09, 2014


"Islam is derived from the Arabic root "Salema": peace, purity, submission and obedience. In the religious sense, Islam means submission to the will of God and obedience to His law.
Everything and every phenomenon in the world other than man is administered totally by God-made laws, ie. they are obedient to God and submissive to his laws, they are in the State of Islam. Man possesses the qualities of intelligence and choice, thus he is invited to submit to the good will of God and obey His law, ie, become a Muslim.
Islam dates back to the age of Adam and its message has been conveyed to man by God's prophets and messengers, including Abrahim, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad.
Islam's message has been restored and enforced in the last stage of the religious evolution by God's last prophet and messenger, Muhammad.
The word Allah in the Arabic language means God, used by Arabic speaking Jews and Christians."
In Hinduism ,Prapatti is the complete surrender of the individual to God and His mercy. The term prapatti is derived from the root words pra-pad. Pad means to move and pra implies in the best manner. In the context of upaya, the term implies total self-surrender to God as the sole refuge. A more appropriate Sanskrit language term for prapatti is atma niksepa or bharanyasa, that is, to place the burden of the protection of the self in the care of God. It is also known as saranagati, or seeking God as the sole refuge.
In the Bhagavad Gita which is part of the Mahabharata, Lord Krishna enjoins Arjuna to observe saranagati as a last resort for attaining God, if other harder paths of yoga such as bhakti yoga are found difficult. The verse on this subject which appears in the concluding portion(66/18) of the Gita is upheld as an important mantra (carama sloka) by the Vaishnavas enunciating prapatti as an alternative means to moksha.
"Sarvadharman Parityajya Mam Ekam Saranam Vraja
Aham tva Sarva Papebhyo Mokshayishyami Masuchaha"
( the 18th Chapter of the 66th Shloka of the Gita.)
Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear.



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