My SCRAPBOOK (సేకరణలు): A COLLECTION of articles in English and Telugu(తెలుగు), from various sources, on varied subjects. I do not claim credit for any of the contents of these postings as my own.A student's declaration made at the end of his answer paper, holds good to the articles here too:"I hereby declare that the answers written above are true to the best of my friend's knowledge and I claim no responsibility whatsoever of the correctness of the answers."

Sunday, December 03, 2006

How many children did Mahatma Gandhi have?

Gandhi and Kasturba had four sons
Harilal (1888-1948) who was born in India,
Manilal (1892-1956) born in India,
Ramdas (1897-1969) born in South Africa, and
Devdas (1900-1957) born in South Africa.
Mahatma Gandhi’s sons resented their upbringing as disciples.
They were not, for example, allowed the formal education which Mohandas himself had received and which would have provided them with their own choice of livelihood.

Harilal Mohandas Gandhi (1888-1948) was the first son of Mahatma Gandhi. He rebelled most strongly. He had a very troubled relationship with his father, who eventually disowned him. . Harilal renounced all family ties in 1911 and embarked upon a tragic, lifelong path of self-destruction- an alcoholic, an embezzler; accounts of his arrests, public drunkenness, and destitution became commonplace.
Harilal converted to Islam in the 1930s, adopting the name "Abdullah Gandhi". This act deeply offended his father. He allowed himself to be used in public meetings as an example by Muslim mullahs in Karachi to convert Hindus to Islam. In one of these meetings, when a Muslim speaker disparaged his father, Harilal flew into rage and kicked the speaker in anger. Harilal later converted back to Hinduism. The strain in the relationship between father and son was underscored by Harilal's proposal to remarry upon the death of his first wife in 1918, despite firm objections from his father. Said Mahatma Gandhi on his son's wishes to marry: "How can I, who has always advocated renunciation of sex, encourage you to gratify it?"
Harilal appeared at his father's funeral in such derelict condition that few recognized him. Harilal died of tuberculosis in June 1948, within months of his father's death.

Manilal Mohandas Gandhi (October 28, 1892, -1956)
was the second son of Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi and was active in his father's movement.He was born in India. was in disgrace in 1916 after he lent his elder brother some money. Mohandas sent him to South Africa, where he edited an
Indian newspaper.Gandhi worked for almost four decades, from 1917 onwards, as the editor of the Gujarati-English weekly publication, Indian Opinion, at Phoenix, Durban. Like his father, Gandhi was also sent to jail several times by the British colonial government after protesting against unjust laws.
In 1927, Manilal married Sushila Mashruwala, and had two daughters, Sita (1928) and Ela (1940), and one son, Arun (1934). Arun and Ela are also social-political activists.

Ramdas Gandhi (1897 - 1969) was the third son of Mahatma Gandhi. Born and raised in South Africa, he never adjusted to the idealistic poverty imposed by his father, yet participated in the grueling civil protests of the 1930s. Numerous jailings wrecked his health. He outlived his parents and all of his brothers. He and his wife Nirmala had three children -- Sumitra, Kanu and Usha.

Devdas Gandhi (1900 - 1957) was the fourth and youngest son of Mahatma Gandhi. Mohandas acted as midwife at the delivery of his youngest son, Devadas Gandhi (1900-1957). He was born in South Africa and returned to India with his parents as a young man. He became active in his father's movement, spending many terms in jail. He also became a prominent journalist, serving as editor of the Hindustan Times. Devdas fell in love with Lakshmi, the daughter of his father's associate in the Indian independence struggle Rajaji C. Rajagopalachari. Due to Lakshmi's age at that time; she was only fifteen, whereas Devdas was twenty eight years old - both Mahatma Gandhi and Rajaji asked the couple to wait for five years without seeing each other. After five years had passed, they were married with Mahatma Gandhi's and Rajaji's permissions in 1933. Devdas and Lakshmi had four children, including Rajmohan Gandhi and Gopalkrishna Gandhi. Alone of all the sons, Devadas stayed near his father, sometimes being granted the privilege of serving as his secretary.

Harilal and his wife Chanchal produced four children, Manilal and his wife Sushila three, Ramdas and his wife Nirmala two and Devdas and his wife Lakshmi four.
Thus Gandhi had thirteen grandchildren.

In 1976 Gandhi's direct descendants numbered 47 in five nations. According to Ved Mehta, author of 'Mahatma Gandhi and His Apostles', they "do everything from selling life insurance to working in space engineering; one is a Moral Re-Armament evangelist." The family name is well and truly alive today.

As for the grandchildren the reknowned three are:
Arun - son of Manilal - is today Founder Director of the M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence in Memphis, Tennessee.
Ramchandra - son of Devdas - is an academic, and
Rajmohan - also son of Devdas - has been a journalist, academic, politician and activist. He is also a high quality author. In 1995 he published a biography of his grandfather, "The Good Boatman", (Viking, New Delhi). In the preface of this book, Rajmohan describes Gandhi as being to him personally "both a wonder and a weight".
(Indian Prime Minister late Indira Gandhi is no relation.)

(From Wikipedia)



Blogger deepika said...

all the given data was beautiful, useful, and awesome..thankyou very much for providing such

12:41 pm

Blogger sankar said...


2:54 pm

Blogger GUNA MURALI said...

very valuable information to me especially

7:34 pm

Blogger sriyan said...

thank u so much.. very good information..

11:35 am

Blogger Tinks & Papps said...

Nice information.

Thanks a lot. I appreciate your effort.

3:40 pm

Blogger AMINUL ISLAM said...

Lots of Thanks for this informaation.

8:22 pm

Blogger Anu Surya said...

The information is so good.. But one small clarification needed!!

In one side it is denoted that Ramdas and his wife Nirmala had three children -- Sumitra, Kanu and Usha.
But on the other side it is said that Mohandas had 2 children and in total gandhi had 13 children..

which one is correct 13 or 14(including ramdas 3rd child)

10:44 am

Blogger sudharsan r said...

its very niz info......thank u dude.....

12:54 pm

Blogger bhadran kk said...

i am very glad to know about our bappu, bappus family and his family history

5:06 pm

Blogger bhadran kk said...

it is very precious to new generation

5:10 pm


I was searching from a long time. I m very happy to get all information related with Gandhi's family.

5:15 pm

Blogger Mohd Rasab said...

all given data is very worthy to me.

6:39 pm

Blogger Bipin Relia said...

very interesting information, i would like know the next generation of 13 grand children of m. gandhi. where they are ? what they are doing? if any author have this information pl. put in internate.

11:17 pm

Blogger Dev Singh Rawat said...

who is kanu gandhi what about his, is he is real grandson of mahatma gandhi.

9:18 pm

Blogger Dev Singh Rawat said...

who is Kanu Gandhi , Is he real grandson of Mahatma gandhi , is he also associate with gandhi during his childhood

9:21 pm


how is present son's of mahatma gandhiji's,because mahatma gandhiji is very valuable (rastrapit) that why i need some informention
my self is hemanshu dholakiya,i m small men in my city
my cell no is 09426635810

2:38 pm

Blogger hari haritha said...

Thank you so much for such a valuable post..its really great!

8:57 pm

Blogger Suku Nair said...


1:57 pm

Blogger Eliana Suzarte said...

Me too...I was looking for an answer in the internet, because I didn't understood the why Indira Gandhi could be a kind of dictator being cared by Gandhi. She was Nehru's daughter!...who didn't controled the separating beteween Hindus and Muslins (India and Paquistan) wich was the Gandhi's desire...I perceive with this episode that even the older son of Gandhi repented himself to be so hard with his wouldn't possible don't exist someone in the family who doesn't believed in his teachings beyond his wife...because He was learning always and teaching us to do the same...we can improve our behaves while is life with God helping...every one together as Gandhi gave us the example!

3:38 am

Blogger Chandan Singh said...

very useful

4:06 pm

Blogger guna segaran said...

After Mahatma died, his rulings also died with him.His 4childrens never ever came to politics to continue their fathers rulings in india. But yet Nehru's family are ruling india now just because the have the initials 'gandhi' on their names. Mahatma and nehru are just friends i think not related. The only mistake made by mahatma is letting nehru using the Gandhi initial to help feroze khan. From there it all started till now...such a waste that Mahatma's own children/family never continue their fathers intentions.

4:06 am

Blogger Pooja Sharma said...

All the given data was beautiful, useful,nd very valuable information to me thank u so much......

11:27 pm

Blogger Durga Prasad Vaddi said...

I have one doubt. Please clarify if the 3rd & 4th son was really born to gandhiji and kasturba? I am asking this question with proper justification which i will tell you afterwards.

10:04 am

Blogger Kushagr Saxena said...

awesome content..
thank u very much..!!

7:20 pm

Blogger Raj Kumar said...

But first son of gandhi ji name of Manilal do not show photo

2:40 pm

Blogger Tushar Singh said...

da heck?! U got this from wikipedia. I was doin a research report 'bout gandhi and at the end, she says its from wikipedia. Wow.

7:28 pm

Blogger Unknown said...

Its too GOod

10:02 pm

Blogger Govind Jiwatode said...

Its too GOod

10:03 pm

Blogger Unknown said...

i impres this story
and i pray come back mahatma ganhi in our land

1:33 am

Blogger Omesh Azad said...

i like ur think sir

1:36 am

Blogger sha faisal said...

Is a great story

10:00 pm

Blogger Col. S. Krishnan said...

Average Indian cares little for history of his country, much less for Indians in history who deserve to be remembered with both respect & gratitude. In this context information provided is invaluable. It may be true that FATHER OF THE NATION failed as father of his sons. But again commitment to the principles & causes reigned supreme.Naseerudin Shaw has essayed this conflict ( in the minds of public at large) ln his play.

11:27 am

Blogger Jonathan Soares said...


My name is Jonathan soares and I am a Grade 7 student at the Broad Meadows Middle School in Quincy, Massachusetts. My school has a Groundbreaker Hall of Fame to honor people who changed the world. Each student gets to induct one person into this Hall of Fame, and I chose someone you knew well. I chose Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
In my research, I have learned a lot about Gandhi, but I do need help with three questions. Could you help me complete my research by answering:
1. What were some of the most difficult obstacles Gandhi had to overcome as a Social Groundbreaker?
2. How did Gandhi’s groundbreaking actions open doors for others?
3. If you could summarize Gandhi as a groundbreaker in a metaphor, what would that metaphor be?
Thank you for being a steward of Gandhi’s story. Gandhi has inspired me.
Jonathan soares

7:12 pm

Blogger satyendra Bhati said...

nice histori of gandhi family

2:11 pm

Anonymous Anonymous said...

Very well explained an d very useful.

6:57 pm

Blogger suresh said...

I am studying in 5 std. The information is so good.. But one small clarification needed!!

In one side it is denoted that Ramdas and his wife Nirmala had three children -- Sumitra, Kanu and Usha.
But on the other side it is said that Mohandas had 2 children and in total gandhi had 13 children..

which one is correct 13 or 14(including ramdas 3rd child).

3:49 pm

Blogger Ranjit Karray said...

Good info but this information should publish and every citizen must learn moral from this.
thanks for this Treasure

4:04 pm

Blogger SAEED H.BEIGI said...

Thank you so much.
Well explained in useful details.
Good luck

12:36 pm

Blogger Star said...

What a sick bully was "the Great" Gandhi. As was Albert Einstein who put his son of two in a mental hospital where he lived for 40 years and was never visited by A. Einstein. Read the biography.
Gandhi denying his sons an (academic) education he had had. He killed his wife by forbidding her medicine, and his wife and sons had to beg in the streets for survival... Luckily there were no known daughters because they would certainly had an even more terrible life.
But nothing has changed in India: as in whole Asia a woman is by men considered less than cattle. And then the rediculous caste system forbidden but still upholded.

2:07 am


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